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砂磨机在超薄节能型外墙隔热涂料中的作用
添加时间:2017-03-08

砂磨机在超薄节能型外墙隔热涂料中的作用

摘要:在当今世界倡导节能减排和生态绿色的潮流中,隔热材料正由工业隔热保温为主向建筑隔热保温为主转变。上海世博会已经展示出建筑隔热保温在提高建筑物居住和使用功能、节约能源等方面的成就,我们应该更加重视研发与推广应用建筑隔热。介绍了杭州传化涂料有限公司研制的超薄节能型外墙隔热涂料的制造,讨论了材料的选择与优化,以及应用试验中超过进口同类产品的隔热效果。

    关键词:大富翁棋牌游戏隔热保温;节能减排;涂料;研发;空心陶瓷微珠

    0前言

    QIANGTIBAOWENSHIJIANZHUJIENENGDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN。GUOWAIJIANZHUJIENENGYONGJUERECAILIAOZHANJUERECAILIAOZONGLIANGDEBIZHONGHENDA,RUMEIGUO1997NIANYILAIJIANZHUYONGJUERECAILIAOZHANSUOYOUJUERECAILIAODE81%ZUOYOU,RUIDIAN、FENLANDENGOUZHOUGUOJIA80%YISHANGDEYANKUANGMIANZHIPINYONGYUJIANZHUJIENENG。ERZAIWOGUONENGYUANXIAOHAOZHONG,JIANZHUNENGHAOZHANQUANGUONENGYUANXIAOHAOZONGLIANGDE1/3,ERJIANZHUYONGJUERECAILIAOJINZHANZONGLIANGDE10%ZUOYOU(QIEDUOWEIBUNAIGAOWENDEYOUJIBAOWENCAILIAO),KEJIANXINXINGJIANZHUGEREBAOWENQIANLIJUDA[1]。DANGQIAN,WOGUOGERECAILIAOZHENGYOUGONGYEGEREBAOWENWEIZHUXIANGJIANZHUGEREBAOWENWEIZHUZHUANBIAN,GEREBAOWENCAILIAOSHIJINHOUZHUYAOFAZHANFANGXIANGZHIYI。XINXINGJIANZHUGERETULIAOYINJINGJI、SHIYONGFANGBIANHEGEREXIAOGUOHAODENGYOUDIANERYUELAIYUESHOUDAORENMENDEQINGLAI。GUOJIAZHILIANGJISHUJIANDUJU1998NIAN5YUEFABULEGUISUANYANFUHEGERETULIAOGUOJIABIAOZHUN(GB/T17371-1998),WEISHENGCHANHEYINGYONGZHETIGONGLEGUISUANYANGERETULIAODEJISHUBIAOZHUN。ZHUJIANBU2006NIANFABUDE《XIAREDONGLENGDIQUJUZHUJIANZHUJIENENGSHEJIBIAOZHUN》GUIDINGXINJIANJIANZHUYINGGAICAIYONGGEREBAOWENCUOSHIJIENENG60%YISHANG[1]。YINCI,WEILAIJIANZHUSHIYONGGEREBAOWENTULIAOSHIFAZHANQUSHI[2]。TULIAODENAIREXINGYUYOUJIGAOJUWUJILIAOYOUGUAN,HAIYUZUCHENGTULIAODEYANTIANLIAOYOUGUAN[3-4]。GERETULIAODEJILIAOSHUZHIZUFENYINGJUYOUXIRE、SANREHEGERENENGLI,TONGSHIJIARUKONGXINDENGNAIREGERETIANLIAO。TULIAODEBAOWENXINGYAOQIUTULIAOJUYOUZAIYIDINGWENDUXIANENGXURE、ZHUNENG、GEREDENGXINGNENG。YIBINGXISUANRUYEWEIJILIAO,KONGXINBOZHUWEITIANLIAOZHIDEDETULIAOGUHUAXINGCHENGDETUMOJIJUYOUBAOWENCAILIAODEGONGXING,YOUYOUZHONGKONGZHIQING、JIENENGJIANHAOMINGXIANDENGTEXING[5-7]。ANZHAORELIANGCHUANDIDECHUANDAO、DUILIUHEFUSHE3ZHONGJILI,GEREBAOWENTULIAOXIANGYINGFENWEIZUGEXINGGEREBAOWENTULIAO、FANSHEXINGGEREBAOWENTULIAOHEFUSHEXINGGEREBAOWENTULIAO3LEI。YIZHONGGEREXIAOGUOLIANGHAODETULIAOCHANGXUYAOJIANG2ZHONGHUOGENGDUOZHONGGEREJILISHEJIYUTONGYIPEIFANGLI。GEZHONGGEREBAOWENGEYOUQITEDIAN,KEJINXINGFUPEI,YOUSHIHUBU,YANZHICHUXINGNENGYOULIANGDEFUHEXINGGEREBAOWENTULIAO。BUTONGDEGEREBAOWENTULIAOHEBAOWENCAILIAOZUHE,KEYIZHIDEJIGEREYOUBAOWENDEXITONG,YEKEZHIDEYIGEREWEIZHUDEWAIQIANGWAIBAOWENXITONG,ZHEIYESHIWAIQIANGWAIBAOWENTULIAODEFAZHANQUSHI[8]。HANGZHOUCHUANHUATULIAOYOUXIANGONGSI2006NIANCHENGDANGUOJIAXINGHUOJIHUAXIANGMUYANZHIDE“CHAOBOJIENENGXINGWAIQIANGGERETULIAO”,TONGSHIJUBEIFANSHEXINGGERETULIAOHEFUSHEXINGGERETULIAODETEDIAN。JINGGUOJIAHUAXUEJIANZHUCAILIAOZHILIANGJIANDUJIANYANZHONGXINJIANCE,FUHEGUOBIAOGB/T9755-2001《RUYE》YOUDENGPINZHIBIAODEYAOQIU;GEREXINGNENGZHIBIAOANZHAOJUNBIAOGJB/T2502-1995《WEIXINGREKONGTUCENGSHIYANFANGFA》JIANCE:TAIYANGREXISHOUBIWEI0.13(JITUCENGFANSHELE87%DETAIYANGREFUSHE)。JINGGUOJIAHONGWAIJIGONGYEDIANRECHANPINZHILIANGJIANDUJIANYANZHONGXIN、ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUDAXUEJIANCE:FAXIANGREFASHELVWEI0.796,GEREXIAOGUOMINGXIAN。

    1超薄节能型外墙隔热涂料的制备

大富翁棋牌游戏    1.1ZHUYAOYUANCAILIAO

大富翁棋牌游戏    CAIYONGZIXINGHECHENGDEZIJIAOLIANXINGBINGXISUANGONGJURUYEYUQULIZISHUI、QINGHUADAXUEYANZHIDENAMIKANGLAOHUAJI、JINKOUJINHONGSHIXINGTAIBAIFENHEHONGWAIFUSHEYANLIAO、YONGYUMEIGUOYUHANGKONGJIANZHANDETAOCIKONGXINWEIZHUHEJINKOUZHUJI(RIBENCHANANYANFENSANJIHERUNSHIJI、YINGGUOCHANFANGFUFANGMEIFANGZAOJI、MEIGUOCHANZENGCHOUJI、MEIGUOYISHIMANGONGSICHANCHENGMOZHUJI、XIAOPAOJI),JINGGUOPEIFANGYOUHUASHEJIZHIZAOERCHENG。

    1.2ZHUYAOYIQISHEBEI

    1.2.1ZHONGSHISHEBEI

    33kWGAOSUFENSANJI2TAI;2m3FENSANGANG1ZHI;2m3DIAOQIGANG1ZHI;ZHONGZHUANLAGANG1ZHI。

    1.2.2QITASHENGCHANSHEBEI

    高速分散机、调漆缸、砂磨机、隔膜泵、精密捕集器、浓浆泵、胶体磨等。

大富翁棋牌游戏    1.2.3ZHUYAOYIQI

    PEISEYI、HENGWENHENGSHIJI、NAIXISHUAYI、NAIZHANWUCHONGXIZHUANGZHI、ZIWAIGUANGLAOHUAYIJIFUJIAN、PENTUJI、MOHAOYI、NAIYANWUSHIYANXIANG、SHUXIANYALISHIYANJI、SHIMIANZHUANZHANJIEQIANGDUJIANCEYI、DIANDONGKANGZHESHIYANJI、DONGTAIKANGKAILIESHIYANYI、SHUIFENKUAISUCEDINGYI、QIXIANGSEPUYIDENG。

大富翁棋牌游戏    1.3SHENGCHANGONGYI

SHENGCHANGONGYI

大富翁棋牌游戏    JIANGYIDINGLIANGDEQULIZISHUIJIARUFENSANGANGZHONG,JIARUFENSANJI、XIAOPAOJIZHONGSUJIAOBANJUNYUN。BIANJIAOBANBIANJIARUTAIBAIFENHEHONGWAIFUSHEYANLIAOGAOSUFENSANDAOXIDUXIAOYU30μm,ZHUANRUDIAOQIGANG。BIANJIAOBANBIANJIARUFANGFUFANGMEIFANGZAOJI、CHENGMOZHUJIHEKANGDONGJI,HUANMANJIARUYIDINGLIANGDEZIJIAOLIANCHUNBINGXISUANRUYEHEXIAOPAOJI。KONGZHIJIAOBANSUDU,ZAIJIAOBANXIAHUANMANJIARUGERETULIAOGONGNENGKONGXINTIANJIAJI,JIAOBANZHIJUNYUNWUKELI,ZAIYONGZENGCHOUJIDIAOZHENGDAOHESHIDENIANDU,DIAOSEHOU(HUOBAISE)GUOLVBAOZHUANG,CHUCHANGJIANCEHEGEHOURUKU。

大富翁棋牌游戏 1.4ZHONGKONGZHIBIAO(JIANBIAO1)

BIAO1CHANPINZHONGKONGZHIBIAO

大富翁棋牌游戏    1.5YINGYONGSHIYANXINGNENGJISHUZHIBIAOYUSHICEJIEGUO(JIANBIAO2)

BIAO2 CHANPINYINGYONGSHIYANXINGNENG

大富翁棋牌游戏    ZHU:TAIYANGREXISHOUBIWEI0.13JITUCENGFANSHELE87%DETAIYANGREFUSHE,FAXIANGREFASHELVWEI0.796JI79.6%DERELIANGBEIFASHEDAOWAICENGKONGJIAN。

    2材料选择与优化

    ZAIBENXIANGMUCHANPINDEYANZHIZHONGYAOJIEJUE2GEJISHUNANTI:YISHITULIAOBENSHENNENGGOUJINKENENGDUODIFANSHETAIYANGRELIANG,JIANSHAOTAIYANGRELIANGDEXISHOU;ERSHIJIANGWEIBEIFANSHEDIAODETAIYANGRELIANGJINKENENGDUODIFUSHECHUQU,DADAOGEREDEMUDE。BENXIANGMUYANZHICHANPINCHAOBOJIENENGXINGWAIQIANGGERETULIAOTONGSHIJUBEIFANSHEXINGGERETULIAOHEFUSHEXINGGERETULIAODETEDIAN。WEIDADAOMUBIAO,XUYAOXUANZEHECHENGSHIHEDERUYE(JILIAO)YIQUEBAOTULIAODENAIJIUXINGHENAIZHANWUXING,YINWEIZHANWUHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGTUCENGDEFANSHEXIAOGUO,SUIZHENAIZHANWUXINGXIAJIANGTUCENGDEFANSHEXIAOGUOYESUIZHEXIAJIANG。LINGWAI,XUYAODUIYANTIANLIAOJINXINGSHAIXUAN,YIZUIJINGJIDEFANGFAHUODEZUIJIADEFANSHEHEFUSHEXIAOGUO。

大富翁棋牌游戏    2.1RUYEDEXUANZE

    XIANGTONGPVC(35%)TIAOJIANXIA,TONGGUOXUANYONGBUTONGDERUYEJINXINGSHIYAN,QIJIEGUORUBIAO3。

表3  选用不同的乳液试验比较

大富翁棋牌游戏BIAO3 XUANYONGBUTONGDERUYESHIYANBIJIAO

    从表3可以看出,乳液3的UV老化变色和耐沾污性都是最好,初步选定用委托定制的自交联乳液3作为试验乳液

 2.2颜料的选择

    XIANGTONGPVC(35%)TIAOJIANXIA,TONGGUOXUANYONGBUTONGDEYANLIAOJINXINGSHIYAN,QIJIEGUORUBIAO4。

表4 选用不同的颜料试验比较

BIAO4 XUANYONGBUTONGDEYANLIAOSHIYANBIJIAO

    CONGBIAO4KEYIKANCHU,TAIBAIFENR-706DEUVLAOHUABIANSEHENAIZHANWUXINGDOUSHIZUIHAO,ZUIZHONGXUANZER-706TAIBAIFENZUOWEIBAISEYANLIAO。

    2.3TIANLIAODEXUANZE

    ZAIRUYEHEYANLIAOQUEDINGHOU,TIANLIAODEXUANZEDUITULIAOGEREXIAOGUODEYINGXIANGZHIGUANZHONGYAO,TONGGUOXUANYONGBUTONGDETIANLIAOJINXINGSHIYAN,QIJIEGUORUBIAO5。

表5 选用不同的填料试验比较

大富翁棋牌游戏BIAO5 XUANYONGBUTONGDETIANLIAOSHIYANBIJIAO

大富翁棋牌游戏    ZAIDIQIUSHANGNENGJIESHOUDAODETAIYANGFUSHEZHONG,HONGWAIREFUSHEHEKEJIANGUANGYUEGEZHAN45%,ERHONGWAIREFUSHEZHUYAOJIZHONGZAI0.76~20μmBODUANFANWEINEI。RUSHEZAITUCENGSHANGDETAIYANGREFUSHEBEIXISHOU、TOUSHEHEFANSHE,QIXISHOUBIα、TOUSHEBIβHEFANSHEBIτZHIJIANDEGUANXIWEI:

    α+β+τ=1

    YOUYUGERETULIAOZHONGCUNZAIYANTIANLIAO,GUGERETULIAOYIBANBUTOUMING,QITOUSHEBIβJINSIWEI0。YINCI,ZHIYOUTIGAOTUCENGDEFANSHEBIτ,CAIKEYISHITUCENGBIAOMIANDUITAIYANGREFUSHEDEXISHOUJIANSHAO,TUCENGWENDUSHANGSHENGDEFUDUJIANGDI。CONGBIAO5KEYIKANCHUGERETULIAOYONGTAOCIKONGXINWEIZHUJUBEIHENHAODEFANSHEGONGNENG,CONGERDADAJIANSHAOTUCENGDEXISHOU(TAIYANGREXISHOUBIWEI0.13JITUCENGFANSHELE87%DETAIYANGREFUSHE)。

    2.4TAOCIKONGXINWEIZHUYONGLIANGDEXUANZE

大富翁棋牌游戏    TAOCIKONGXINWEIZHUDEYONGLIANGDUITUCENGTAIYANGREXISHOUBIDEYINGXIANGJIEGUOJIANBIAO6。

表6  陶瓷空心微珠的不同用量试验比较

大富翁棋牌游戏BIAO6 TAOCIKONGXINWEIZHUDEBUTONGYONGLIANGSHIYANBIJIAO

    由表6可以看出:随着涂料用陶瓷空心微珠的用量增加,太阳热吸收比下降,但用量超过8%以后,变化较小。由于陶瓷空心微珠价格较高,为节约成本,我们选择8%用量做试验。
2.5红外辐射颜料用量的选择

大富翁棋牌游戏    HONGWAIFUSHEYANLIAOYONGLIANGDUITUCENGFASHELVDEYINGXIANGJIEGUOJIANBIAO7。

表7 红外辐射颜料的不同用量试验比较

大富翁棋牌游戏BIAO7 HONGWAIFUSHEYANLIAODEBUTONGYONGLIANGSHIYANBIJIAO

大富翁棋牌游戏    YOUBIAO7KEYIKANCHU:SUIZHEHONGWAIFUSHEYANLIAODEYONGLIANGZENGJIA,FASHELVSHANGSHENG,DANYONGLIANGCHAOGUO4%YIHOU,BIANHUAJIAOXIAO。YOUYUHONGWAIFUSHEYANLIAOJIAGEJIAOGAO,WEIJIEYUECHENGBEN,WOMENXUANZE4%YONGLIANGZUOSHIYAN。TUCENGTONGGUOJIANSHAOTAIYANGREXISHOUHETIGAODUIYIXISHOUBUFENRELIANGDEFASHE,CONGERDADAOGEREDEMUDE。

    3应用试验结果

大富翁棋牌游戏    XIANGMUCHANPINCHAOBOJIENENGXINGWAIQIANGGERETULIAOZAICHUANHUAJITUANGONGYU8#、9#JITISUSHELOUWUDINGYINGYONG(WUDINGFANGSHUICENGWEIHEISEYOUMAOZHAN,TUZHUANGTIXIWEI:SHUIXINGKANGJIANFENGBIDIQIEC102YIDAO,CHAOBOJIENENGXINGWAIQIANGGERETULIAOTW868ERDAO(BAISE),CESHISHIJIANWEIXIAWU1DIAN,CESHIYIQIWEIHONGWAICEWENYI),QUDELEJIAOHAODEGEREXIAOGUO,JIANBIAO8。

表8 超薄节能型外墙隔热涂料屋顶实测效果

大富翁棋牌游戏BIAO8 CHAOBOJIENENGXINGWAIQIANGGERETULIAOWUDINGSHICEXIAOGUO

大富翁棋牌游戏    YOUBIAO8KEYIKANCHU,ZAIYOUYANGGUANGZHAOSHESHI,GERETULIAOKEDADAJIANGDIWUDINGBIAOMIANWENDU,ZUIDAWENCHAWEI20.5℃。SHIYANSHIGEREDUIBISHIYANJIEGUOJIANBIAO9(YANGBANJICAIWEISHIMIANSHUINIBAN,REYUANWEI250WHONGWAIDENGPAO,DENGPAODAOBANMIANZHIJIANJULIWEI10cm,ZHAOSHESHIJIANWEI30min,CESHIYIQIWEIHONGWAICEWENYI)。

表9  超薄节能型外墙隔热涂料试验室对比试验效果

BIAO9 CHAOBOJIENENGXINGWAIQIANGGERETULIAOSHIYANSHIDUIBISHIYANXIAOGUO

大富翁棋牌游戏    YOUBIAO9KEYIKANCHU,TUMOHEWEITUMOGERETULIAODESHIMIANSHUINIBANBEIMIANWENDUXIANGCHA40.6℃,GEREXIAOGUOSHIFENMINGXIAN;TUMOWAIQIANGBAISERUJIAOQIHETUMOGERETULIAODESHIMIANSHUINIBANBEIMIANWENDUXIANGCHA13.8℃,GEREXIAOGUOYESHIFENMINGXIAN。ERQIE,ZHEIZHONGWENCHAHUISUIREYUANGONGLVDETIGAOERJIADA。YUGUOWAITONGLEICHANPINDUIBISHIYANJIEGUOJIANBIAO10(YANGBANJICAIWEICAIGANGBAN,REYUANWEI250WHONGWAIDENGPAO,DENGPAODAOBANMIANZHIJIANJULIWEI10cm,ZHAOSHESHIJIANWEI30min,CESHIYIQIWEIHONGWAICEWENYI)。

表10 与国外同类产品对比试验结果

大富翁棋牌游戏BIAO10 YUGUOWAITONGLEICHANPINDUIBISHIYANJIEGUO

大富翁棋牌游戏    YOUBIAO10KEYIKANCHU,ZAICAIGANGBANSHANGTUZHUANGGERETULIAO,XIANGMUCHANPINDEBEIMIANWENCHAGAOYUJINKOUCHANPIN,BIAOMINGXIANGMUCHANPINDEGEREXIAOGUOCHAOGUOJINKOUTONGLEICHANPIN。

    4结语

大富翁棋牌游戏    MUQIAN,GERECAILIAOZHENGYOUGONGYEGEREBAOWENWEIZHUXIANGJIANZHUGEREBAOWENWEIZHUZHUANBIAN。JIANZHUWUTUSHUAGEREBAOWENWAIQIANGTULIAOSHIMUQIANJIANZHUJIENENGZUIYOUXIAODEJIANBIANJIENENGFANGSHIZHIYI。JIESHANGHAISHIBOHUIDONGFENG,WOMENYINGGAIGENGJIAZHONGSHIYANFAYUTUIGUANGYINGYONGJIANZHUGEREBAOWENTULIAO。CHAOBOJIENENGXINGWAIQIANGGERETULIAOCHANPINTONGSHIJIANBEIFANSHEXINGHEFUSHEXINGLIANGLEIGERETULIAODEYOUDIAN,FANSHEHEFUSHEXINGNENGYOUYI;KANGZIWAIXIANXINGNENGQIANG,NAIHOUXINGHAO,BAOGUANGBAOSE;NAISHUITOUQI,FANGMEIFANGZAO,NAIZHANWUXINGHAO,FANSHEXIAOGUOCHIJIU;GEREXIAOGUOYIYUJINKOUTONGLEICHANPINPIMEI,ZHIDETUIGUANGYINGYONG。

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